A sarcoma is a type of cancer that develops in soft tissue. It develops in connective tissues such as muscle, fat, tendon or ligaments, as opposed to developing in bone tissue. Gynaecologic sarcomas develop in the soft tissues of the uterus, which is the most common location, as well as in the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vulva, or vagina. Gynaecologic sarcomas are rare and occur mostly in post-menopausal women.
The most common symptom of gynecologic sarcomas is vaginal bleeding. Since vaginal bleeding can indicate a variety of conditions, it is important to have a thorough pelvic examination to determine the cause of bleeding.
Gynaecologic sarcomas are treated with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy, or with a combination of these treatments. The location, type, and stage of the gynaecologic sarcoma determine how it will be treated most effectively.
Dr Farrell will coordinate follow up after treatment is completed, with 3 monthly reviews for 2 years, then 6 monthly reviews for a total of 5 years at minimum.
For more information on uterine sarcoma, follow the link to the Cancer Council Booklet for uterine cancer (page 9) on this website.