A colposcopy is a procedure where a colposcopist /gynaecologist examines your cervix with a magnifying system to help identify any abnormalities. This procedure differs from a cervical screening test. It may be indicated if you have an abnormal cervical screening test result, unexplained vaginal bleeding (particularly after sex- also called post-coital bleeding), abnormal vaginal discharge, or have a higher than normal risk of developing pre-cancers or cancers of the cervix or vagina (eg: DES in utero, immunosuppression).
What to Expect?
Having a colposcopy will take between 10-15 minutes.
A colposcopy is usually scheduled for a time when you are not having your period.
During the procedure, a small sample of tissue (a biopsy) may be taken from any abnormal looking areas in your cervix.
- A speculum is gently inserted into the vagina (this is usually reasonably comfortable) so that Dr Farrell can view your cervix and vagina.
- Dr Farrell looks at your cervix with a colposcope.
- A solution is applied to the cervix.
- This makes areas where there are changes in the cells turn white helping the doctor to identify abnormalities.
- Dr Farrell has state of the art equipment, which allows for a high- resolution photo of your cervix to be taken. This can be stored on your electronic history.
- Having identified any abnormalities, she may take a tiny biopsy from any areas of abnormality.
- After a biopsy, a solution called “Monsells” is applied to the cervix to help prevent bleeding.
- There may be some mild crampy discomfort afterwards, which is quickly resolved with pain relief.
- The tissue collected is sent to a laboratory for testing to confirm the diagnosis.
After the Procedure
You may have some ‘spotting’ for a few hours – pads/panty liners will be provided .
You should avoid rigorous physical exercise for 24 hours.
To reduce your risk of bleeding or infection you should avoid sexual intercourse, swimming or baths (including a spa) and using tampons for two days.